Acquisition Cost The cost of the asset including the cost to ready the asset for its intended use. Acquisition cost for equipment, for example, means the net invoice price of the equipment, including the cost of any modifications, attachments, accessories, or auxiliary apparatus necessary to make it usable for the purpose for which it is acquired. Acquisition costs for software includes those development costs capitalized in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles GAAP.
Magazine Financial Statement Analysis: This process of reviewing the financial statements allows for better economic decision making. Globally, publicly listed companies are required by law to file their financial statements with the relevant authorities.
For example, publicly listed firms in America are required to submit their financial statements to the Securities and Exchange Commission SEC.
Firms are also obligated to provide their financial statements in the annual report that they share with their stakeholders. As financial statements are prepared in order to meet requirements, the second step in the process is to Study on financial performance analysis of them effectively so that future profitability and cash flows can be forecasted.
Therefore, the main purpose of financial statement analysis is to utilize information about the past performance of the company in order to predict how it will fare in the future.
Another important purpose of the analysis of financial statements is to identify potential problem areas and troubleshoot those.
These can be classified into internal and external users.
Internal users refer to the management of the company who analyzes financial statements in order to make decisions related to the operations of the company. On the other hand, external users do not necessarily belong to the company but still hold some sort of financial interest.
These include owners, investors, creditors, government, employees, customers, and the general public. These users are elaborated on below: Management The managers of the company use their financial statement analysis to make intelligent decisions about their performance.
For instance, they may gauge cost per distribution channel, or how much cash they have left, from their accounting reports and make decisions from these analysis results. Owners Small business owners need financial information from their operations to determine whether the business is profitable.
It helps in making decisions like whether to continue operating the business, whether to improve business strategies or whether to give up on the business altogether.
Investors People who have purchased stock or shares in a company need financial information to analyze the way the company is performing. They use financial statement analysis to determine what to do with their investments in the company.
So depending on how the company is doing, they will either hold onto their stock, sell it or buy more. Creditors Creditors are interested in knowing if a company will be able to honor its payments as they become due. Government Governing and regulating bodies of the state look at financial statement analysis to determine how the economy is performing in general so they can plan their financial and industrial policies.
Employees Employees need to know if their employment is secure and if there is a possibility of a pay raise. Customers Customers need to know about the ability of the company to service its clients into the future. They may wish to evaluate the effects of the firm on the environment, or the economy or even the local community.
For instance, if the company is running corporate social responsibility programs for improving the community, the public may want to be aware of the future operations of the company.
These are explained below along with the advantages and disadvantages of each method. Horizontal Analysis Horizontal analysis is the comparison of financial information of a company with historical financial information of the same company over a number of reporting periods.A STUDY ON FINANCIAL & PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF ACC urbanagricultureinitiative.comted by:Vignesh C J 8uta The A1 suffix is typically seen as part of an application identification number or grant number and “A1” is often used to refer to a new, renewal, or revision application that is amended and resubmitted after the review of a previous application with the same project number.
Techniques of Financial Analysis, Ninth Edition approaches business as a system of fundamentals which is activated by management decisions, investment, operations and financing. Nov 06, · Financial performance analysis is the process of identifying the financial strengths and weaknesses of the firm by properly establishing the relationship between the items of balance sheet and profit and loss account.
FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSIS. Financial ratio analysis involves the calculation and comparison of ratios which are derived from the information given in the company's financial statements. The study and survey of financial inclusion is useful for both policy makers and bank service providers to make strategic decisions.
This dissertation attempts to provide a snap shot of the extent of financial inclusion i.e. the level and expansion.