South Africa Content of data base: Banned literature and newspapers according to " Jacobsens index of objectionable literature " published by South African publisher Jacobsen in The South African regime of apartheid Background information:
All papers received before have been arranged and described in this inventory. All literary rights to material authored by Balfour Brickner are held by the Brickner heirs. Questions concerning rights should be addressed to the Executive Director of the American Jewish Archives. The papers are available to researchers in the reading room of the Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives.
Barnett Brickner was himself a prominent figure in Reform Judaism and served for many years as the rabbi of Cleveland's Congregation Anshe Chesed then known as the Euclid Avenue Temple.
Rebecca Brickner was a close associate of Henrietta Szold, and, like her husband, an active Zionist, as well as a leading Jewish educator. Inhe followed his father into the Reform rabbinate, receiving his ordination from the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati.
After serving as a congregational rabbi for nine years, he left the pulpit to join the national staff of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations UAHC in As co-director of the UAHC's National Commission on Social Action, and initiator and director of its Department of Interreligious Affairs, Brickner emerged as a leading voice for political and social liberalism within the Reform movement.
He carried out numerous dialogues with representatives of the Roman Catholic church as well as with various Protestant denominations, while monitoring the activities of cults and missionaries.
As part of his work with the UAHC, Brickner produced and hosted an award winning weekly national radio program, "Adventures in Judaism" also issued as a tape seriescompiled and published A Guide for Conducting Interreligious Institutes, and organized a number of study tours and conferences in Israel for Christian scholars and lay people.
There he continued in the tradition set by Rabbi Wise who had been a friend of Brickner's father of engagement with community affairs outside the synagogue. An active participant in the civil rights and peace movements, Brickner traveled throughout the South between and In a number of places, including Birmingham, Alabama and St.
Augustine, Florida, he "enjoyed the hospitality of those cities' finest jails," as he later put it. Retaining a strong interest in civil rights in later years, Brickner played an especially important role in efforts to maintain good relations between the African-American and Jewish communities in New York.
In late he helped establish the Black-Jewish Coalition of New York City, a leadership group formed to further rapprochement between the communities during a time of particular tension. Internationally he supported calls for ending apartheid in South Africa. Brickner advocated equal rights for women, both within Judaism and society at large.
He was also a supporter of gay rights, serving as honorary director of Parents and Friends of Lesbians and Gays. A vocal opponent of American involvement in the Vietnam war, Brickner went to Saigon in as part of a fact finding mission at the invitation of the Fellowship of Reconciliation.
He was also a founder and executive board member of Clergy and Laity Concerned. His anti-war activities continued, particularly in the movement to restrain American intervention in Central America. InBrickner traveled to Nicaragua on the "Peace Ship" as a representative of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, as well as making a trip with the organization Witness for Peace to mobilize American public opinion and encourage a peaceful U.
Raised in a Zionist home, Brickner retained an interest in Israel and Middle eastern affairs.
He continued to support Israel, but often spoke out against Israeli government policies he considered wrong. He advocated for Arab and Palestinian rights, opposed military excursions into Lebanon and air strikes against Iraq, and called for an end to officially enforced Orthodox domination of Israeli Jewish religious life.
Brickner was married twice. With his first wife, Barbara, he had three children: ElisaBarnett b. Balfour Brickner's second wife was Doris Gottlieb.
Balfour Brickner died on August 26, At the time of his death he was praised for his lifelong work for the rights and welfare of all persons.The rise of apartheid in was a complex phenomenon. Some historians view it as a 20th-century development, closely linked to the peculiar evolution of South African capitalism, with its strong reliance on cheap black labor as advocated by Cecil Rhodes in the quote above.
In: South African Institute of Race Relations, The "Western Areas" Removal Scheme: Facts and Viewpoints Presented at a Conference Convened by the S.A. Institute of Race Relations at the University of the Witwatersrand 22nd August population were enrolled in school1 (South African Institute of Race Relations, ).
And, as late as the Apartheid government of South Africa spent an average of R1, on education for each White child, and only R for each Black child. As Race, Class, and Inequality in South Africa states, the Gini coefficient drops to about when taxes and cash transfers are taken into account, and are reduced even further, to about (a figure similar to that of the United States), when public social spending is added.
The National Party of South Africa that came to power in , named (Afrikaans for "apartness") and ruthlessly enforced the comprehensive policy of apartheid. However, racial segregation had long been practiced in South Africa before the National Party came to power.
Kindred Critical Evaluation - Essay African American saying that sometimes he wanted to kill the old African Americans who were complacent about unequal race relations but even in