Educated by tutors and at private schools in New York. Family moves to Europe. William attends school in Geneva, Paris, and Boulogne-sur-Mer; develops interests in painting and science.
This book is combination of a series of lectures given by James at various universities; James main focus in his lectures is the concept of Pragmatism which James refers to as a collaborated effort and credits Charles Sanders Price for the origin of the term Pragmatism and its leading principle: Pragmatism is a complex notion, it is something you practice.
Another way to view it would be to refer to it as a method, more conclusively as The Pragmatic Method. The pragmatic method is primarily a method of settling metaphysical disputes that otherwise might be interminable.
Is the world one or many? The pragmatic method in such cases is to try to interpret each notion by tracing its respective practical consequences.
Need essay sample on Philosophy in Action: The tender mind individual is to be spiritual, religious and optimistic and the tough mind is scientific, skeptical and materialistic.
If these two completely different individuals can apply rationalism and empiricism and attain a whole new perspective then James Pragmatic way can be accounted as credible. Price claims pragmatism exposes the meaninglessness of most metaphysical disputes whereas James insists that pragmatism is a method of settling metaphysical disputes that otherwise might be interminable.
One James essays in pragmatism to truly interpret James from Price is through James discussion of materialism and spiritualism. On a traditional perspective, materialism pertains to the idea that the only things that exist are matter and the laws that govern it.
Keeping in mind that some sort of matter will always remain dominant in terms of existence, the laws of physical nature imply that the world as We know it will eventually dissolve away and materialists do accept this but still deny the ideas of spiritual entities, immortality and eternity.
And so on the alternative hand, spiritualism claims that there has to be something more to the universe than just blind matter- something larger than life itself. Therefore eternal things are superior to finite entities as in our surroundingsthus spirit is superior to matter.
Although these arguments seem to leave me in awe, must not forget these are at the end of the day, claims.
And claims cannot me analyzed into sensed experience because the evidence to back such claims is inconclusive. Where no practical issue can be identified, debate is purely verbal.
It again is a metaphysical dispute because observational evidence is insufficient to determine the question either way. The pragmatic conception of truth functions differently, it instead settles disputes based on observational evidence; James follows pragmatism is not only a method of dealing with metaphysics it is also a type of theory of truth.
Take for example The Holocaust: Yes it is because there is evidence, witnesses and survivors to support it but of course this is simply common sense.
A decidedly philosophical issue does emerge however with another example which is: The answer would be no because there is no evidence to back it up. The theory of truth may also be applied to distinguishing a concept from a belief.
A concept is something that is directly conceived, it is a general notion or an idea. A belief is confidence in the truth of existence of something not immediately susceptible to rigorous proof.
James insists that a belief is actually essentially a proposal for action, and on a more concrete perspective it indeed is. Evidently, if one were to deprive himself of sleep and starve himself, he will eventually be deceased.
One will argue by bringing up the dilemma of rape, or teenage pregnancy In which cases abortion seems to be a logical option. But then again another will argue murder; it is murder because abortion kills potential life.
Truth consists in simply the usefulness, expediency or profitableness of a proposition and this is often how we use he term pragmatic in our everyday language.Contained in Pragmatism, in The Works of William James, pp. – Talks to Teachers on Psychology and to Students on Some of Life’s Ideals.
. William James is most known for his book “Pragmatism: A New Name for Same Old Ways of Thinking” which just happens to be the first philosophical movement originated in the United States.
Essays in Pragmatism contains in one book two important elements that help delineate James and his thought; the separate "Essay on Pragmatism" comes as a bonus for those who think they know what pragmatism urbanagricultureinitiative.coms: 4.
European William James Project, from the Pragmatism Cybrary.
William James: Still Salient After All These Years. William James Studies, a new, open-access journal of articles related to the life, work and influence of William James. Essays Philosophical and Psychological in Honor of William James, by his Colleagues at Columbia University (London, ) Further reading [ edit ] James Sloan Allen, William James on Habit, Will, Truth, and the Meaning of Life ().
Essays in Pragmatism contains in one book two important elements that help delineate James and his thought; the separate "Essay on Pragmatism" comes as a bonus for those who think they know what pragmatism means/5(4).