Share2 Shares 2K The Aztecs are best known for eating chocolate, killing boatloads of people in sacrifice to their heathen gods and eventually getting beaten by the Spaniards. They are known by most as a warlike, barbaric race, mostly due to the incredible amount of people they killed. However, contrary to popular belief, they were not without culture. The Aztecs had an incredibly complex system social structure and believed strongly in education, family and art.
The International History Project Date: Archaeology studies past human behavior through the examination of material remains of previous human societies. These remains include the fossils preserved bones of humans, food remains, the ruins of buildings, and human artifacts—items such as tools, pottery, and jewelry.
From their studies, archaeologists attempt to reconstruct past ways of life.
Archaeology is an important field of anthropology, which is the broad study of human culture and biology. Archaeologists concentrate their studies on past societies and changes in those societies over extremely long periods of time.
However, archaeology is distinct from paleontology and studies only past human life. Archaeology also examines many of the same topics explored by historians. But unlike history—the study of written records such as government archives, personal correspondence, and business documents—most of the information gathered in archaeology comes from the study of objects lying on or under the ground Archaeologists refer to the vast store of information about the human past as the archaeological record.
The archeological record encompasses every area of the world that has ever been occupied by aztec writing and record keeping, as well as all of the material remains contained in those areas.
Archaeologists study the archaeological record through field surveys and excavations and through the laboratory study of collected materials. Many of the objects left behind by past human societies are not present in the archaeological record because they have disintegrated over time.
The material remains that still exist after hundreds, thousands, or millions of years have survived because of favorable preservation conditions in the soil or atmosphere.
For the most part, the only things that survive are durable items such as potsherds small fragments of potterytools or buildings of stone, bones, and teeth which survive because they are covered with hard enamel. Because many items disintegrate over time, archaeologists get an incomplete view of the past that they must fill in with other kinds of information and educated reasoning.
On rare occasions, however, delicate objects have been preserved. For example, fabrics and flowers were found in the celebrated tomb of Tutankhamun, an Egyptian pharaoh who was buried in BC.
Archaeology became established as a formal discipline in the 19th and early 20th centuries. At that time, most archaeological work was confined to Europe, to the so-called cradle of civilization in southwestern Asia, and to a few areas of the Americas.
Today, archaeologists study the great cultural diversity of humanity in every corner of the world. Archaeological study covers an extremely long span of time and a great variety of subjects. The earliest subjects of archaeological study date from the origins of humanity.
These include fossil remains believed to be of human ancestors who lived 3. These sites contain evidence of the first appearance of bipedal upright walkingapelike early humans.
Laetoli even reveals footprints of humans from 3. Some sites also contain evidence of the earliest use of simple tools. Archaeologists have also recorded how primitive forms of humans spread out of Africa into Asia about 1.
The first physically modern humans, Homo sapiens sapiens, appeared in tropical Africa betweenandyears ago—dates determined by molecular biologists and archaeologists working together.
Dozens of archaeological sites throughout Asia and Europe show how people migrated from Africa and settled these two continents during the last Ice Ageto 15, years ago. Archaeological studies have also provided much information about the people who first arrived in the Americas over 12, years ago.
Archaeologists have documented that the development of agriculture took place about 10, years ago. Archaeology plays a major role in the study of early civilizations, such as those of the Sumerians of Mesopotamia, who built the city of Ur, and the ancient Egyptians, who are famous for the pyramids near the city of Giza and the royal sepulchers tombs of the Valley of the Kings at Thebes.
Other sites that represent great human achievement are as varied as the cliff dwellings of the ancient Anasazi a group of early Native Americans at Mesa Verde, Colorado see Mesa Verde National Park ; the Inca city of Machu Picchu high in the Andes Mountains of Peru; and the mysterious, massive stone portrait heads of remote Easter Island in the Pacific.
Archaeological research spans the entire development of phenomena that are unique to humans. For instance, archaeology tells the story of when people learned to bury their dead and developed beliefs in an afterlife.
Sites containing signs of the first simple but purposeful burials in graves date to as early as 40, years ago in Europe and Southwest Asia. By the time people lived in civilizations, burials and funeral ceremonies had become extremely important and elaborate rituals.
Few burials rival their lavish sepulchers. Being able to trace the development of such rituals over thousands of years has added to our understanding of the development of human intellect and spirit.Free business-day shipping within the U.S.
when you order $25 of eligible items sold or fulfilled by Amazon. Buy Kid's Animated History with Pipo: Read 20 Movies & TV Reviews - urbanagricultureinitiative.com Pictography: Pictography, expression and communication by means of pictures and drawings having a communicative aim. These pictures and drawings (called pictographs) are usually considered to be a forerunner of true writing and are characterized by stereotyped execution and by .
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Feb 21, · Fact: They had an advanced system for writing and keeping records. The Aztecs had their own language and it was called N’ahuatl, the alphabet for this language was a form of picture writing. Knowledge on how to write things down was very specialized and was mostly performed by learned scribes and priests, who had the needed training.
The Savings and Loan Scandal and Public Accounting. By Wade Frazier. Originally published June 19, , updated in November A Brief Economic History.