Leave a reply We address this article to a culture that is long on equality, personal rights, and democracy, and short on the wisdom of obedience and submission to authority.
Choice of specific act[ edit ] Civil disobedients have chosen a variety of different illegal acts. Bedau writes, There is a whole class of acts, undertaken in the name of civil disobedience, which, even if they were widely practiced, would in themselves constitute hardly more than a nuisance e.
Such acts are often just a harassment and, at least to the bystander, somewhat inane The remoteness of the connection between the disobedient act and the objectionable law lays such acts open to the charge of ineffectiveness and absurdity.
Bedau also notes, though, that the very harmlessness of such entirely symbolic illegal protests toward public policy goals may serve a propaganda purpose. In cases where the criminalized behaviour is pure speechcivil disobedience can consist simply of engaging in the forbidden speech.
Threatening government officials is another classic way of expressing defiance toward the government and unwillingness to stand for its policies. For example, Joseph Haas was arrested for allegedly sending an email to the Lebanon, New Hampshirecity councillors stating, "Wise up or die.
Laws against public nudityfor instance, have been protested by going naked in publicand laws against cannabis consumption have been protested by openly possessing it and using it at cannabis rallies.
In this way, they might be considered coercive. Brownlee notes that "although civil disobedients are constrained in their use of coercion by their conscientious aim to engage in moral dialogue, nevertheless they may find it necessary to employ limited coercion in order to get their issue onto the table.
Electronic civil disobedience can include web site defacementsredirectsdenial-of-service attacksinformation theft and data leaksillegal web site parodiesvirtual sit-insand virtual sabotage.
It is distinct from other kinds of hacktivism in that the perpetrator openly reveals his identity.
Virtual actions rarely succeed in completely shutting down their targets, but they often generate significant media attention. The demonstrator was arrested moments later.
Some disciplines of civil disobedience hold that the protestor must submit to arrest and cooperate with the authorities. Others advocate falling limp or resisting arrestespecially when it will hinder the police from effectively responding to a mass protest.
Many of the same decisions and principles that apply in other criminal investigations and arrests arise also in civil disobedience cases. For example, the suspect may need to decide whether or not to grant a consent search of his property, and whether or not to talk to police officers. Thoreau wrote, My civil neighbor, the tax-gatherer, is the very man I have to deal with—for it is, after all, with men and not with parchment that I quarrel—and he has voluntarily chosen to be an agent of the government.
How shall he ever know well that he is and does as an officer of the government, or as a man, until he is obliged to consider whether he will treat me, his neighbor, for whom he has respect, as a neighbor and well-disposed man, or as a maniac and disturber of the peace, and see if he can get over this obstruction to his neighborliness without a ruder and more impetuous thought or speech corresponding with his action.
Choice of plea[ edit ] An important decision for civil disobedients is whether or not to plead guilty. I feel I did the right thing by violating this particular law; I am guilty as charged," but that pleading not guilty sends a message of, "Guilt implies wrong-doing.
I feel I have done no wrong. I may have violated some specific laws, but I am guilty of doing no wrong. I therefore plead not guilty.
At a pre-arranged announced time, one at a time they stepped across the "line" and were immediately arrested. They were put on a bus and taken to the Nye County seat of Tonopah, Nevada, and arraigned for trial before the local Justice of the Peace, that afternoon.Civil disobedience is usually defined as pertaining to a citizen's relation to the state and its laws, as distinguished from a constitutional impasse, in which two public agencies, especially two equally sovereign branches of government, conflict.
During the 60s, this intriguing concept of a decentralized, blastproof, packet-switching network was kicked around by RAND, MIT and UCLA.
The National Physical Laboratory in Great Britain set up the first test network on these principles in For a buddy of mine in China, the real eye-opener was a slogan on some of the charity appeals, “zhongguo xin”, as in “Chinese heart,” with a photo of rescue workers removing dead bodies and one of the archaic sculptures from TianTan, the temple of heaven.
Stony Brook University The official electronic file of this thesis or dissertation is maintained by the University Libraries on behalf of The Graduate School at Stony Brook University. Alll Rigghht tss. Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of all forms of social hierarchy.
In the US, Willful Disobedience, Killing King Abacus, and other magazines caused interest in insurrectionary anarchism to grow. This is in line with the general anarchist concept of. The commentaries therefore theorized the same concept that Dante put into practice with the allegory first of all in the Commedia and then in the Eclogues.
The new rules suggested by the commentaries remained topical also in the second part of the XIV century and in the XV century.