Public Health Service licensed the killed-virus vaccine against poliomyelitis developed by Jonas Salk.
Early in the s, as polio steadily grew more prevalent with every succeeding summer, I grew from childhood into adolescence, prime years for susceptibility to what was more properly though misleadingly called infantile paralysis. Most of my friends chafed under the near-hysteria of their parents, but my father was a doct No one born after about is likely to have any living memory of the abject fear that seized hold of the American psyche under the annual threat of polio.
Most of my friends chafed under the near-hysteria of their parents, but my father was a doctor: Instead, I was quickly spirited out of town to rural summer camps where polio was rare.
That organization was very different from its successor today, which focuses on premature birth and birth defects. Salk become an instant global star. In many communities, the celebrations that ensued rivaled those that capped the victories in World War II. This led the FDA to call a temporary halt to the administration of the vaccine.
Later, it also came to be reflected in the adoption by the U. For a number of years, the Salk variant was no longer even manufactured in the U.
In Sweden and Finland, where it was fully adopted, the vaccine totally eliminated polio. Only years later, once Salk had perfected a more advanced formulation of the killed virus vaccine, was it offered as an option in the United States.
Sabin never acknowledged in any way the damage his vaccine had done, and for the rest of his life continued to undermine Salk in scientific circles, as did a number of other prominent researchers. Though idolized in the press and among the public, Salk was virtually a pariah in the scientific community, at least in part because the press had made him a celebrity.
He was essentially blackballed in the Nobel committee and was never admitted to membership in the prestigious National Academy of Sciences.
Barely out of medical school, he and his mentor produced the first influenza vaccine in His search for a cure for MS showed great promise in the eyes of neurologists, who found his contributions significant, but was denigrated by many of the same virologists who seemed to disapprove of everything he did.
Unfortunately, that research ended prematurely when his patron at the National MS Society suddenly died. Early on, he took upon himself to negotiate a compromise between the French and American doctors who both claimed to have first identified HIV.
It took two years but finally he succeeded, making possible collaborations that might well otherwise have been out of the question. Then he turned his attention to the development of a vaccine against HIV. Once again, his work was bitterly criticized — because he insisted on taking an unconventional approach.
The prevailing wisdom was that a vaccine could only be developed on the basis of one portion of the HIV molecule; Salk insisted on using the whole molecule, which subjected him to ridicule for having ignored recent advances in medical research.With Jonas Salk: a Life, Jacobs demonstrates her immense skill at creating a compelling drama of personality, temperament, and character.
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Jonas Salk: A Life [Charlotte DeCroes Jacobs] on urbanagricultureinitiative.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. [Read by Pam Ward] The authoritative account of one of the twentieth century's most important -- and controversial -- scientists. When a /5(54). Jonas Salk A Life Charlotte DeCroes Jacobs.
Based on unprecedented access to Salk's sealed archives and hundreds of personal interviews conducted by the author.
Jonas Salk A Life Charlotte DeCroes Jacobs. Based on unprecedented access to Salk's sealed archives and hundreds of personal interviews conducted by the author. Jonas Salk: A Life by Charlotte DeCroes Jacobs is a very detailed and exhaustively researched biography of both the man and his work.
For a scientist who arguably made the most important discovery of the 20th century in healthcare his life was not simply a tale of greatness and its many rewards/5. Jun 07, · A biography of Jonas Salk, the first man to develop a vaccine against polio and a popular hero.
A Life. By Charlotte DeCroes Jacobs. on .